State of Kerala

Naming of the state of Kerala

Landscapes of Kerala

Kerala or Kerala is a famous state located in the southwest corner of India. The capital of this state is Thiruvananthapuram which is situated on a hill, is a very popular and influential state in India. The kingdom is known as God’s own Kingdom. Kochi and Calicut are the two major well-known cities. Famous for crude oil refineries and the port of Calicut. The total area of the state of Kerala is 38817 km2. Malayalam is the state language of the state.

This well-known state of India covers the border areas along the Tamil Nadu and Lakshadweep seas. The state was severely affected by the catastrophic floods in 2018. Millions became homeless and 475 people died. The Government of India has been of great help to the state in times of distress. The Communist Party of India started its journey from this state.

Origin, history and circulation of Kerala

There are many theories about the naming of the state of Kerala, the most popular being “Ker” (Malayalam meaning coconut tree), Alam (word meaning land or country).
Kovalam beach in this state is different from other beaches in the world, the state consists of fourteen districts. Each of the districts has different qualities and characteristics. This state has its own history and heritage.The kingdom of Kerala is identified in the second century inscriptions of the Mauryan emperor Ashoka.
There are many nicknames in the state of Kerala, these names help to reveal its identity very quickly. Known as the Spice of India, God’s Own Country, the Land of Coconut, and the Spice Island.
The state of Kerala originates from different countries of the world. The number of Muslims in this state is very high, they come from Arab countries and settle in this country, they are known as traders by profession. It is known that they were involved in business till the eighteenth century.

Geographical location and climate

Kerala is located between the Western Ghats and Lakshadweep Sea. The total coastal area of the state is about 590 km. The state can be divided into three distinct regions; These are the eastern hills, the central midlands and the western lowlands. The eastern part of the state consists of high hills, narrow canals, valleys which are the western side of this region during the monsoon season of the Western Ghats. From this region 41 rivers flowing west and 3 rivers flowing east have emerged.

Beautiful view of the river

The average height of the Western Ghats is about 4920 feet (1,500 m) above sea level and the maximum height is about 6,200 feet (2,500 m). The coastal region is relatively flat and is connected to each other by canals, estuaries, lakes, rivers in a way that is collectively known as the backwaters of Kerala.

District of the state of Kerala

Kerala is divided into 14 districts. The districts of Kerala are Alapuzhu, Ernakulam, Idukki, Kannur, Kasargarh, Kollam, Kottayam, Kozhikode, Malapuram, Palakkad, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur and Wanad. The districts are further subdivided into 755 upazilas, which are further subdivided into 1433 revenue villages. Local government consists of 14 district panchayats, 152 block panchayats, 97 gram panchayats, 70 municipalities, 5 municipalities and 1 urban area.

Impact of Kerala State Economy

Agriculture is the main source of income in the primary sector of the state. About half a percent of the people in the state depend on agriculture for their livelihood. Rice is the staple food and staple food of Kerala. Other crops include coconut, tea, coffee, rubber, cashew, chilli, vanilla, cardamom, cinnamon and nutmeg. The main sources of export are coconut husks and cashew nuts as well as marine products and manpower. Among the spices, pepper is one of the most important products here – Kerala is the largest state in terms of production and is also known as a major exporter of pepper. Cardamom and ginger are also exported from here. Fishing is also another big industry in the state

The infrastructure of this state

Kerala is well connected to other parts of the country by air, road and rail. Kerala has a well-established infrastructure with about 145,604 km of fast moving road connections. The total length of the national highway here is about 1524 km. Kerala National Road No. 48 and No. 18 and some other state roads are connected. The state is connected to all major cities and towns except Irukki and Wanad by the Southern Railway, which is a part of the Indian Railways. State rail communication is regulated by Thiruvananthapuram Railway Division and Palakkad Railway Division.

Flowing river

The impact of the economy

Kerala has one of the most developed social systems in India in terms of education, literacy and health. Even Kerala has the highest physical standard of living. The thirst for travel has taken the people of Kerala to almost every country in the world. Although a part of Indian and Dravidian culture, Malayalam culture has its own distinct impression. This is due to the strange geographical features of Kerala. Kerala existed as an island bordered by the Western Ghats to the east and to the west of the Arabian Sea. As a result, diversity in their language, dress, culture and organization can be noticed.

Industrial system and festival celebrations in Kerala

Kathakali is the most perfect, scientific and clearly explained dance style of Kerala. It is a highly exciting art form, each of which not only demands complete control of the artist’s physical gestures, but also expresses an intense sensitivity to emotions. It originated in the royal court of Kerala. It is considered an artificial blend with the original theories of earlier Krishnanatyam and Ramanatyam and the type of scientific dance form. It is not a folk dance, it is a high class classical dance.
Kalaripayattu is an 11th century military art form of Kerala called the pioneer of kung-fu and karate oriental martial arts. It follows a prominent and complex practice similar to that of Ju-Jitsu in Japan.

Introduction of language in this state

Kerala has one of the highest literacy rates in India at 100 percent. Both Malayalam and English are the main languages ​​taught in this state. However, Malayalam is the regional and official language of the state. Even Malayalam is an official language of India. Although it is originally a Dravidian language, historical events have influenced its growth and vocabulary.

Population evolution

With a population density of 80 people per sq km, Kerala has a population of 33,406,061. The population growth rate of the state is 4.99 percent. The male-female ratio in Kerala is very impressive, with 1,07 females per 1,000 males. Indigenous tribes constitute 1.10 per cent of the total population of the state. According to the latest census of 2011, Hindus constitute 56.2 per cent of the population of Kerala, followed by Muslims at 24.2.7 per cent, Christians at 19 per cent and other communities at 1.1 per cent. According to the 2011 census, the literacy rate in the state is 99 percent.

Education system and development

The position of Kerala as the most literate state among all the states of the country gives an idea about the importance of education here. Catholic missionaries are responsible for introducing modern education in this state. Many institutions and organizations are leading the development of mass education in Kerala. In 1991, Kerala was declared the first fully literate state in India, though at that time the literacy rate was 90 percent. Kerala has primary schools, secondary and higher secondary schools. Most of the schools are approved by the Kerala State Board of Education and other reputed schools like ICSE, CBSE and NIOS. The medium of instruction in the state is English. There are many universities in Kerala including some famous ones like Calcutta University, Kerala University, Kerala Agricultural University, Cochin University of Science and Technology etc. Other major educational institutions are the Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode, the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Thiruvananthapuram, the State Institute of Technology Calicut (NITC) and the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST).

Government system and politics

There are two major political alliances in Kerala, the United Democratic Front (UDF) led by the Indian National Congress (INC) and the Left Democratic Front (LDF) led by the Communist Party of India (Marxist). CPIM) leads. The United Democratic Front (UDF) is currently in government led by Chief Minister Yemen Chandy. There are 140 election rallies in Kerala; 20 have been elected to the Lok Sabha and 9 to the Rajya Sabha. The Governor of Kerala is P Satyasivam. The judiciary of Kerala consists of the High Court and the lower courts. The High Court is located in Kochi and the Kerala Legislative Assembly building in Thiruvananthapuram with the Kerala Secretariat Building. Local management bodies consist of panchayats, municipalities and municipalities.
Tourist center in Kerala

Tourism has been informed here as an industry. The National Geographic Association has listed Kerala among the top 50 places in the world in their publications. Here are some special places to visit in Kerala:
The capital of Thiruvananthapuram is the abode of temples, mosques and churches. Kovalam Beach Resort, Valley, near the dam and a few places in Panamuri are the main attractions.Another attraction is the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary in Thekkady, Irukki District.Sabrimala, the abode of Lord Ayyappan in Pathanamthitta district, is a famous religious site.The main port of Kerala is Kochi, also known as the Queen of the Arabian Sea.Great place to visit the beautiful Wellington Island with the surrounding harbor.Kaladi, which is the birthplace of Sri Shankaracharya.There is a famous temple of Lord Krishna at Guruvayur.Kalamandalam is a famous Kathakali center located in Thrissur district.

How to go

Kerala is one of the most scenic places in India. Travel by air from all countries of the world and by rail, waterway, and bus from India. This place can be visited at any time of the year. Thousands of visitors flock to this place every year due to its convenient transportation facilities. This place is the safest way to travel without hindrance.

Where to stay

This place has beautiful and luxurious hotel facilities for tourists to spend the night.

The Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal in Agra

The Taj Mahal is a royal tomb located on the banks of the Jamuna River in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. The tomb was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. The Taj Mahal in Agra, India is one of the most beautiful monuments of love in the history of the world and India. The tomb was built in memory of his wife Mamtaz Begum.
Why was the Taj Mahal named?
Emperor Shah Jahan loved his wife Mamtaz Begum dearly, but she died prematurely due to her short life span. Mamtaz Begum, the third wife of Emperor Shah Jahan, was married to Azurmand Banu Begum. Mamtaz Begum passed away at the time of giving birth to the fourteenth child of Emperor Shah Jahan. Unable to bear the untimely death of Emperor Shah Jahan’s wife Mamtaz Begum, he became extremely burdened. So he built this Taj Mahal to make this memory of love immortal and memorable to the whole world and he spent a lot of money to build this Taj Mahal. So he decided to make their love story memorable to the world for ages, so he mentally prepared to build the Taj Mahal, and finally he built the Taj Mahal.

How the Taj Mahal was built? 
During the construction of the Taj Mahal, many people helped in the construction work. The Taj Mahal is one of the seventh wonders of the world, a unique example of the Mughal Empire. Its craftsmanship was very meticulously crafted and skilled engineers were employed to create this craft. 20,000 people have worked tirelessly for 22 years to build this monument of love, a burning symbol of love is the Taj Mahal in Agra, India. During the construction of the Taj Mahal, 1000 elephants helped in the construction work, and various materials were brought from different provinces of India to complete the construction work. The architect of this huge dome of the Taj Mahal was the Ottoman and the dome expert was Ismail Efedi. It is said that Emperor Shah Jahan built another black Taj Mahal next to the Taj Mahal while he was on the throne. It was named Kala Taj Mahal.Due to the overthrow of Emperor Shah Jahan, he could not complete the construction of the palace, leaving it unfinished.He lived under house arrest for eight years after being ousted from power. He was buried after the death of Emperor Shah Jahan, next to his wife’s grave inside the Taj Mahal. This great emperor was aristocratic and possessed of nobility. Although many of its minarets collapsed during the quake, parts of the Taj Mahal remained intact.

Whose help was taken during the construction of the Taj Mahal?
The stone was brought from China to design the Taj Mahal, which is made of white marble.
How to travel to this place?

As India is a Maharashtra, people and visitors from different countries flock here, but thousands of tourists from different continents and subcontinents of the world come here to take a look at the symbol of love. This place can be visited at any time of the year but the rainy season is the best time to visit this place. The bus train launch steamer from India and also by air can reach this place.
Impact of Taj Mahal during natural disasters
Although it has been badly affected by various natural disasters, its beauty has not diminished. Another feature of this is that one can enjoy the scenic beauty and natural beauty of the place if one enters the local on any Josna night to see the beautiful scenery.
Diversity view of the Taj Mahal
Every year thousands of visitors from home and abroad flock to visit this tomb. The most amazing thing is that this Taj Mahal has different views at different times of the day. So this scene makes it very attractive to foreign tourists.

The last of Emperor Shah Jahan
The Taj Mahal in Agra, India is one of the most beautiful monuments of love in the history of the world and India. . What you see reminds me of a sublime secret of love. Since the construction of the Taj Mahal, this place has started a mysterious chapter in the history of the world, a new chapter in the history of the world has been born. The importance of love can only be understood by looking at the appearance and beauty of the Taj Mahal. The fact that Emperor Shah Jahan was a famous lover can be understood by looking at the Taj Mahal and its beauty.
It is never possible to understand the huge secret hidden in this place without seeing it in reality. The Government of India has taken various steps to maintain this site.
At one time, no money or tax was paid to enter the Taj Mahal, but at present, at the initiative of the Government of India, one has to enter the place with a nominal ticket price. The Government of India enforces this law especially in the interest of the safety of all.

Different doctrines about the Taj Mahal

Different scholars and poets, philosophers and philosophers explained different doctrines about the Taj Mahal.

You are the ideal of love under this earth. But that heavenly meeting Munijan Monolova. Is there an earth under the sky?  (Kaikobad)
This is the Taj Mahal, the Taj Mahal of love. The reason is that Shahjahan’s heart is his love, the joy of his separation pain. Touched Infinity. Keep his throne with him. He has liberated his Taj Mahal from his own. (World Poet Rabindranath Tagore.)

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